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Clemson Nanomaterials Institute


Collaborative Research

A collaborative research between CNI and Academia Sinica found low thermal conductivity in Sb-doped GeTe, which resulted from the dopant-induced changes in the phonon spectra. This study provides a new direction in phonon engineering of single crystalline thermoelectric materials beyond nanostructuring.



Novel fullerene-enhanced triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is demonstrated in which the C60 active layer when added to an already high-performance triboelectrode, further improves the TENG performance.

chart for Potassium‐Based Batteries

Prospects of Electrode Materials and Electrolytes for Practical Potassium‐Based Batteries

Potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) have attracted tremendous attention because of their
high energy density and low-cost. As such, much effort has focused on developing electrode
materials and electrolytes for PIBs at the material levels. This review begins with an overview
of the high-performance electrode materials and electrolytes, and then evaluates their
prospects and challenges for practical PIBs to penetrate the market. The current status of PIBs
for safe operation, energy density, power density, cyclability, and sustainability is discussed
and future studies for electrode materials, electrolytes, electrode-electrolyte interfaces are
identified. It is anticipated that this review will motivate research and development that fill
existing gaps for practical potassium-based full batteries so that they may be commercialized
in the near future.



Large-scale low-cost preparation methods for high quality graphene are critical for advancing graphene-based applications in energy storage, and beyond. Here, we present a sulfur-assisted method that converts benzene rings of tetraphenyltin into high purity crystalline graphene. The three dimensional few layer graphene microspheres (FLGMs) proved ideal for energy storage applications.


About The Clemson Nanomaterials Institute (CNI) Research Group

The Clemson Nanomaterials Institute (CNI) is dedicated to exploring the fundamental properties of nanomaterials, and their applications. We utilize electric arcs, lasers, ultrasonication, spark plasma sintering and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to prepare a wide range of nanomaterials. Few examples include the CVD growth of aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), helically coiled MWNTs and nanowires, branched MWNTs, and low-melting metal oxide nanowires on various substrates such as …

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Nanoscience, which propelled many game changing technologies, now relies on public acceptance. Nanotechnology is changing our energy landscape and healthcare, and nanotech can prevent another asbestos debacle.

Selected List of Publications


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Hierarchically Structured Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Microspheres for Advanced Potassium Ion Batteries

Junmin Ge, Bin Wang, Jiang Zhou*, Shuquan Liang, Apparao M. Rao, and Bingan Lu*

Unleashing the potential of Ti2CTx MXene as a pulse modulator for mid-infrared fiber lasers

J. Yi, L. Du, J. Li, L. Yang, L. Hu, S. Huang, Y. Dong, L. Miao, S. Wen, V. Mochalin, C. Zhao, and A. M. Rao

Advances in Studies of Boron Nitride Nanosheets and Nanocomposites for Thermal Transport and Related Applications

Mohammed J. Meziani,[a, b] Kirkland Sheriff,[a] Prakash Parajuli,[c] Paul Priego,[a] Sriparna Bhattacharya,*[c] Apparao M. Rao,*[c] Jesse L. Quimby,[a] Rui Qiao,*[d] Ping Wang,[a] Shiou-Jyh Hwu,[a] Zhengdong Wang,[a] and Ya-Ping Sun*[a]

Thermoelectric Figure-of-Merit of Fully Dense Single-Crystalline SnSe

P-C Wei, S. Bhattacharya, Y-F Liu, F. Liu, J. He, Y-H Tung, C-C Yang, C-R Hsing, D-L Nguyen, C-M Wei, M-Y Chou, Y-C Lai, T-L Hung, S-Y Guan, C-S Chang, H-J Wu, C-H Lee, W-H Li, R. P. Hermann, Y-Y Chen, A. M. Rao
  1. 1989-1991

    Postdoctoral Research Associate

  2. 1983 –1989

    M. S. and Ph.D.

    University of Kentucky
  3. 1983


    University of Bombay